CASP publications

All the following publications have used the CASP scale

  1. Abell, J. G., M. J. Shipley, J. E. Ferrie, M. Kivimäki and M. Kumari (2016). “Association of chronic insomnia symptoms and recurrent extreme sleep duration over 10 years with well-being in older adults: a cohort study.” BMJ Open 6(2).
  2. Adamczuk, J., K. Szymona-Palkowska, J. M. Robak, K. Rykowska-Gornik, S. Steuden and J. J. Kraczkowski (2015). “Coping with stress and quality of life in women with stress urinary incontinence.” Menopause review 14(3): 178-183.
  3. Amit, K. and H. Litwin (2010). “The Subjective Well-Being of Immigrants Aged 50 and Older in Israel.” Social Indicators Research 98(1): 89-104.
  4. Ateca-Amestoy, V. and A. Ugidos (2013). “The Impact of Different Types of Resource Transfers on Individual Wellbeing: An Analysis of Quality of Life Using CASP-12.” Social Indicators Research 110(3): 973-991.
  5. Blane, D., G. Netuveli and M. Bartley (2007). “Does quality of life at older ages vary with socio-economic position?” Sociology-the Journal of the British Sociological Association 41(4): 717-726.
  6. Blane, D., G. Netuveli and S. M. Montgomery (2008). “Quality of life, health and physiological status and change at older ages.” Social Science & Medicine 66(7): 1579-1587.
  7. Bourassa, K. J., Knowles, L. M., Sbarra, D. A., & O’Connor, M.-F. (2016). Absent but Not Gone: Interdependence in Couples’ Quality of Life Persists After a Partner’s Death. Psychological Science, 27(2), 270-281.
  8. Bowling, A. (2009). “The Psychometric Properties of the Older People’s Quality of Life Questionnaire, Compared with the CASP-19 and the WHOQOL-OLD.” Current gerontology and geriatrics research 2009: 298950-298950.
  9. Bowling, A., M. Hankins, G. Windle, C. Bilotta and R. Grant (2013). “A short measure of quality of life in older age: The performance of the brief Older People’s Quality of Life questionnaire (OPQOL-brief).” Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics 56(1): 181-187.
  10. Bowling, A. and P. Stenner (2011). “Which measure of quality of life performs best in older age? A comparison of the OPQOL, CASP-19 and WHOQOL-OLD.” Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health 65(3): 273-280.
  11. Cheng, H., A. Green, M. Wolpert, J. Deighton and A. Furnham (2014). “Factors influencing adult quality of life: Findings from a nationally representative sample in the UK.” Personality and Individual Differences 68: 241-246.
  12. Creech, A., S. Hallam, M. Varvarigou, H. McQueen and H. Gaunt (2013). “Active music making: a route to enhanced subjective well-being among older people.” Perspectives in Public Health 133(1): 36-43.
  13. Connolly D, Garvey J & McKee G, (2016): Factors associated with ADL/IADL disability in community dwelling older adults in the Irish longitudinal study on ageing (TILDA), Disability and Rehabilitation, DOI: 10.3109/09638288.2016.1161848
  14. Damri, N., & Litwin, H. Minority population group status and QOL change: the case of older Israelis. European Journal of Ageing, 1-11. DOI: 10.1007/s10433-016-0396-x
  15. de Lima, F. M., K. C. Lima de Petribu, M. S. Campos de Almeida, F. A. da Cunha Junqueira, C. C. Correia and M. d. N. Lima Ferreira (2011). “The perception of quality of life through of the CASP-19 of the elderly community in Recife.” Revista Brasileira De Psiquiatria 33: S23-S23.
  16. Di Gessa G, Corna L, Price D & Glaser K. (2018) The decision to work after state pension age and how it affects quality of life: evidence from a 6-year English panel study, Age and Ageing,
  17. Ejechi, E. O. (2012). “The Quality of Life of Retired Reengaged Academics in Nigeria.” Educational Gerontology 38(5): 328-337.
  18. Gilleard, C., M. Hyde and P. Higgs (2007). “The impact of age, place, aging in place, and attachment to place on the well-being of the over 50s in England.” Research on Aging 29(6): 590-605.
  19. Godwin, M., A. Pike, F. McCrate, K. Parsons, W. Parsons, H. Pitcher, S. Buehler, V. Gadag, R. Miller and A. Sclater (2015). “The healthy aged Descriptive analysis by sex of cognitively functioning elderly patients 80 years and older living independently in the community.” Canadian Family Physician 61(3): E142-E147.
  20. Grant, R. L. and A. Bowling (2011). “Challenges in comparing the quality of life of older people between ethnic groups, and the implications for national well-being indicators: a secondary analysis of two cross-sectional surveys.” Health and Quality of Life Outcomes 9.
  21. Haighton, C., S. Moffatt, D. Howel, E. McColl, E. Milne, M. Deverill, G. Rubin, T. Aspray and M. White (2012). “The Do-Well study: protocol for a randomised controlled trial, economic and qualitative process evaluations of domiciliary welfare rights advice for socio-economically disadvantaged older people recruited via primary health care.” Bmc Public Health 12.
  22. Hallam, S., A. Creech, M. Varvarigou, H. McQueen and H. Gaunt (2014). “Does active engagement in community music support the well-being of older people?” Arts & Health 6(2): 101-116.
  23. Hamren, K., H. S. Chungkham and M. Hyde (2015). “Religion, spirituality, social support and quality of life: measurement and predictors CASP-12(v2) amongst older Ethiopians living in Addis Ababa.” Aging & Mental Health 19(7): 610-621.
  24. Higgs, P., M. Hyde, R. Wiggins and D. Blane (2003). “Researching quality of life in early old age: The importance of the sociological dimension.” Social Policy & Administration 37(3): 239-252.
  25. Hildon, Z., S. M. Montgomery, D. Blane, R. D. Wiggins and G. Netuveli (2010). “Examining Resilience of Quality of Life in the Face of Health-Related and Psychosocial Adversity at Older Ages: What is “Right” About the Way We Age?” Gerontologist 50(1): 36-47.
  26. Hildon, Z., G. Smith, G. Netuveli and D. Blane (2008). “Understanding adversity and resilience at older ages.” Sociology of Health & Illness 30(5): 726-740.
  27. Howel, D. (2012). “Interpreting and evaluating the CASP-19 quality of life measure in older people.” Age and Ageing 41(5): 612-617.
  28. Hubbard, R. E., V. A. Goodwin, D. J. Llewellyn, K. Warmoth and I. A. Lang (2014). “Frailty, financial resources and subjective well-being in later life.” Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics 58(3): 364-369.
  29. Hyde, M., P. Higgs, R. D. Wiggins and D. Blane (2015). “A decade of research using the CASP scale: key findings and future directions.” Aging & Mental Health 19(7): 571-575.
  30. Hyde, M., R. D. Wiggins, P. Higgs and D. B. Blane (2003). “A measure of quality of life in early old age: the theory, development and properties of a needs satisfaction model (CASP-19).” Aging & Mental Health 7(3): 186-194.
  31. Jackson, S. E., R. J. Beeken and J. Wardle (2015). “Obesity, Perceived Weight Discrimination, and Psychological Well-Being in Older Adults in England.” Obesity 23(5): 1105-1111.
  32. Jenkins, A. and R. D. Wiggins (2015). “Pathways from adult education to well-being: The Tuijnman model revisited.” International Review of Education 61(1): 79-97.
  33. Jivraj, S., J. Nazroo, B. Vanhoutte and T. Chandola (2014). “Aging and Subjective Well-Being in Later Life.” Journals of Gerontology Series B-Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences 69(6): 930-941.
  34. Kautonen, T., Kibler, E. and Minniti, M., (2017). “Late-career entrepreneurship, income and quality of life”. Journal of Business Venturing. Online First.
  35. Kim, G. R., G. Netuveli, D. Blane, A. Peasey, S. Malyutina, G. Simonova, R. Kubinova, A. Pajak, S. Croezen, M. Bobak and H. Pikhart (2015). “Psychometric properties and confirmatory factor analysis of the CASP-19, a measure of quality of life in early old age: the HAPIEE study.” Aging & Mental Health 19(7): 595-609.
  36. Lang, I., E. Gardener, F. A. Huppert and D. Melzer (2007). “Was John Reid right? Smoking, class, and pleasure: A population-based cohort study in England.” Public Health 121(7): 518-524.
  37. Layte, R., E. Sexton and G. Savva (2013). “Quality of Life in Older Age: Evidence from an Irish Cohort Study.” Journal of the American Geriatrics Society 61: S299-S305.
  38. Lee DM, Vanhoutte B, Nazroo J, Pendleton N. (2016). “Sexual Health and Positive Subjective Well-Being in Partnered Older Men and Women”. J Gerontol B Psychol Sci Soc Sci. [Epub ahead of print]
  39. Levin, J. (2013). “Religion and Mental Health Among Israeli Jews: Findings from the SHARE-Israel Study.” Social Indicators Research 113(3): 769-784.
  40. Lima, F. M., M. Hyde, H. S. Chungkham, C. Correia, A. S. Campos, M. Campos, M. Novaes, J. Laks and K. Petribu (2014). “Quality of Life amongst Older Brazilians: A Cross-Cultural Validation of the CASP-19 into Brazilian-Portuguese.” Plos One 9(4).
  41. Litwin, H., Schwartz, E., & Avital, D. (2016). Religiosity and well-being among older Jewish Israelis: Findings from SHARE. Journal of Religion, Spirituality & Aging, 1-16.
  42. Litwin, H. and K. J. Stoeckel (2013). “Social networks and subjective wellbeing among older Europeans: does age make a difference?” Ageing & Society 33: 1263-1281.
  43. Litwin, H. and K. J. Stoeckel (2014). “Confidant Network Types and Well-Being Among Older Europeans.” Gerontologist 54(5): 762-772.
  44. Llewellyn, D. J., I. A. Lang, K. M. Langa and F. A. Huppert (2008). “Cognitive function and psychological well-being: findings from a population-based cohort.” Age and Ageing 37(6): 685-689.
  45. Matlabi, H., S. G. Parker and K. McKee (2011). “The contribution of home-based technology to older people’s quality of life in extra care housing.” BMC Geriatrics 11.
  46. Marques, L.P., Schneider, I.J.C  and  D’Orsi, E. (2016) Quality of life and its association with work, the Internet, participation in groups and physical activity among the elderly from the EpiFloripa survey, Florianópolis, Santa Catarina State, Brazil. Cad. Saúde Pública [online]. 32, (12)×00143615.
  47. Nalathamby, N., Morgan, K., Mat, S., Tan, P.J., Kamaruzzaman, S.B. and Tan, M.P., 2017. Validation of the CASP-19 Quality of Life Measure in Three Languages in Malaysia. Journal of Tropical Psychology, 7. DOI:
  48. Nazroo, J., 2017. Class and Health Inequality in Later Life: Patterns, Mechanisms and Implications for Policy. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 14(12), p.1533. doi:10.3390/ijerph14121533
  49. Netuveli, G. and M. Bartley (2012). “Perception is Reality: Effect of Subjective Versus Objective Socio-economic Position on Quality of Life.” Sociology-the Journal of the British Sociological Association 46(6): 1208-1215.
  50. Netuveli, G., H. Pikhart, M. Bobak and D. Blane (2012). “Generic quality of life predicts all-cause mortality in the short term: evidence from British Household Panel Survey.” Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health 66(10): 962-966.
  51. Netuveli, G., R. D. Wiggins, Z. Hildon, S. M. Montgomery and D. Blane (2006). “Quality of life at older ages: evidence from the English longitudinal study of aging (wave 1).” Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health 60(4): 357-363.
  52. Niedzwiedz, C. L., S. V. Katikireddi, J. P. Pell and R. Mitchell (2014). “Socioeconomic inequalities in the quality of life of older Europeans in different welfare regimes.” European Journal of Public Health 24(3): 364-370.
  53. Nimrod, G & Shrira A. (2016). The Paradox of Leisure in Later Life. J Gerontol B Psychol Sci Soc Sci. 71(1): 106-111. doi: 10.1093/geronb/gbu143
  54. Okely, J.A, Cooper, C & Gale C.R. (2016). Wellbeing and Arthritis Incidence: the Survey of Health, Ageing and Retirement in Europe. Annals of Behavioral Medicine: 1-8 First online
  55. Oluboyede, Y. and A. B. Smith (2013). “Evidence for a unidimensional 15-item version of the CASP-19 using a Rasch model approach.” Quality of Life Research 22(9): 2429-2433.
  56. Palgi, Y., A. Shrira and O. Zaslavsky (2015). “Quality of life attenuates age-related decline in functional status of older adults.” Quality of Life Research 24(8): 1835-1843.
  57. Platts, L. G., G. Netuveli, E. Webb, M. Zins, M. Goldberg, D. Blane and M. Wahrendorf (2013). “Physical occupational exposures during working life and quality of life after labour market exit: results from the GAZEL study.” Aging & Mental Health 17(6): 697-706.
  58. Pérez-Rojo, G., Martín, N., Noriega, C., & López, J. (2017). Psychometric properties of the CASP-12 in a Spanish older community dwelling sample. Aging & Mental Health, 1-9. doi:10.1080/13607863.2017.1292208
  59. Ponomarenko, V. (2016). Cumulative disadvantages of non-employment and non-standard work for career patterns and subjective well-being in retirement. Advances in Life Course Research, Online first, doi:10.1016/j.alcr.2016.06.003
  60. Platts, L. G., E. Webb, M. Zins, M. Goldberg and G. Netuveli (2015). “Mid-life occupational grade and quality of life following retirement: a 16-year follow-up of the French GAZEL study.” Aging & Mental Health 19(7): 634-646.
  61. Rafnsson, S. B., A. Shankar and A. Steptoe (2015). “Longitudinal Influences of Social Network Characteristics on Subjective Well-Being of Older Adults: Findings From the ELSA Study.” Journal of Aging and Health 27(5): 919-934.
  62. Read, S. and E. Grundy (2011). “Fertility history and quality of life in older women and men.” Ageing & Society 31: 125-145.
  63. Rodriguez-Rodriguez, V., Rojo-Perez, F., & Fernandez-Mayoralas, G. (2017). Family and Social Networks and Quality of Life Among Community-Dwelling Older-Adults in Spain. In G. Tonon (Ed.), Quality of Life in Communities of Latin Countries (pp. 227-253). Cham: Springer International Publishing.
  64. Sexton, E., B. L. King-Kallimanis, R. M. Conroy and A. Hickey (2013). “Psychometric evaluation of the CASP-19 quality of life scale in an older Irish cohort.” Quality of Life Research 22(9): 2549-2559.
  65. Sexton, E., B. L. King-Kallimanis and A. Hickey (2012). “Validating a measurement model for the CASP-19 quality of life scale in an older Irish cohort.” Quality of Life Research 21: 130-130.
  66. Sexton, E., B. L. King-Kallimanis, R. Layte and A. Hickey (2015). “CASP-19 special section: how does chronic disease status affect CASP quality of life at older ages? Examining the WHO ICF disability domains as mediators of this relationship.” Aging & Mental Health 19(7): 622-633.
  67. Siegrist, J. and M. Wahrendorf (2009). “Participation in socially productive activities and quality of life in early old age: findings from SHARE.” Journal of European Social Policy 19(4): 317-326.
  68. Sim, J., B. Bartlam and M. Bernard (2011). “The CASP-19 as a measure of quality of life in old age: evaluation of its use in a retirement community.” Quality of Life Research 20(7): 997-1004.
  69. Stolz,  E (2015) Cross-National Variation in Quality of Life of Care-Dependent Elders in Europe: A Two-Step Approach Combining Multilevel Regression and Fuzzy-Set QCA, International Journal of Sociology, 45:4, 286-308, DOI: 10.1080/00207659.2015.1098177
  70. Stoner, C. R., Orrell, M. & Spector, A. (2018). The psychometric properties of the Control, Autonomy, Self-realisation and Pleasure Scale (CASP-19) for older adults with dementia. Aging & Mental Health, 12, 1-7.
  71. Stoner, C. R., M. Orrell and A. Spector (2015). “Review of Positive Psychology Outcome Measures for Chronic Illness, Traumatic Brain Injury and Older Adults: Adaptability in Dementia?” Dementia and Geriatric Cognitive Disorders 40(5-6): 340-357.
  72. Tampubolon, G. (2015). “Delineating the third age: joint models of older people’s quality of life and attrition in Britain 2002-2010.” Aging & Mental Health 19(7): 576-583.
  73. Tessari AA, Giehl MW, Schneider IJ, González-Chica DA. (2016). Anthropometric measures change and quality of life in elderly people: a longitudinal population-based study in Southern Brazil. Quality of Life Research. [Epub ahead of print]
  74. Theeke, L. A. and J. Mallow (2013). “Loneliness and Quality of Life in Chronically Ill Rural Older Adults.” American Journal of Nursing 113(9): 28-37.
  75. Topa, G. and Pra, I. (2017). “Retirement Adjustment Quality: Optimism and Self-Efficacy as Antecedents of Resource Accumulation”. Applied Research in Quality of Life. Online first:
  76. Towers, A., P. Yeung, B. Stevenson, C. Stephens and F. Alpass (2015). “Quality of life in indigenous and non-indigenous older adults: assessing the CASP-12 factor structure and identifying a brief CASP-3.” Quality of Life Research 24(1): 193-203.
  77. Vanhoutte, B. and J. Nazroo (2014). “Cognitive, Affective and Eudemonic Well-Being in Later Life: Measurement Equivalence over Gender and Life Stage.” Sociological Research Online 19(2).
  78. Von Dem Knesebeck, O., M. Wahrendorf, M. Hyde and J. Siegrist (2007). “Socio-economic position and quality of life among older people in to European countries: results of the SHARE study.” Ageing & Society 27: 269-284.
  79. Vozikaki, M., Linardakis, M., Micheli, K., & Philalithis, A. (2016). Activity Participation and Well-Being Among European Adults Aged 65 years and Older. Social Indicators Research, 1-27. doi:10.1007/s11205-016-1256-y
  80. Wagner, M. and Brandt, M., (2017). Long-term Care Provision and the Well-Being of Spousal Caregivers: An Analysis of 138 European Regions. The Journals of Gerontology: Series B.
  81. Wahrendorf, M. and D. Blane (2015). “Does labour market disadvantage help to explain why childhood circumstances are related to quality of life at older ages? Results from SHARE.” Aging & Mental Health 19(7): 584-594.
  82. Wahrendorf, M., C. Ribet, M. Zins and J. Siegrist (2008). “Social productivity and depressive symptoms in early old age-results from the GAZEL study.” Aging & Mental Health 12(3): 310-316.
  83. Wahrendorf, M. and J. Siegrist (2010). “Are changes in productive activities of older people associated with changes in their well-being? Results of a longitudinal European study.” European Journal of Ageing 7(2): 59-68.
  84. Webb, E., D. Blane, A. McMunn and G. Netuveli (2011). “Proximal predictors of change in quality of life at older ages.” Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health 65(6): 542-547.
  85. Wiggins, R.D., Brown, M. and Ploubidis, G. (2017) A measurement evaluation of a six item measure of quality of life (CASP6) across different modes of data collection in the 1958 National Child Development Survey (NCDS) Age 55 years. CLS working paper 2017/2. London: Centre for Longitudinal Studies.
  86. Wiggins, R. D., P. F. D. Higgs, M. Hyde and D. B. Blane (2004). “Quality of life in the third age: key predictors of the CASP-19 measure.” Ageing & Society 24: 693-708.
  87. Wiggins, R. D., G. Netuveli, M. Hyde, P. Higgs and D. Blane (2008). “The evaluation of a self-enumerated scale of quality of life (CASP-19) in the context of research on ageing: A combination of exploratory and confirmatory approaches.” Social Indicators Research 89(1): 61-77.
  88. Wikman, A., J. Wardle and A. Steptoe (2011). “Quality of Life and Affective Well-Being in Middle-Aged and Older People with Chronic Medical Illnesses: A Cross-Sectional Population Based Study.” Plos One 6(4).
  89. Wright, H. and R. A. Jenks (2016). “Sex on the brain! Associations between sexual activity and cognitive function in older age.” Age and Ageing. Online first
  90. Wu, T.-Y., W.-C. Chie, K.-L. Kuo, W.-K. Wong, J.-P. Liu, S.-T. Chiu, Y.-H. Cheng, G. Netuveli and D. Blane (2013). “Quality of life (QOL) among community dwelling older people in Taiwan measured by the CASP-19, an index to capture QOL in old age.” Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics 57(2): 143-150.
  91. Wu, T.-Y., W.-C. Chie, J.-P. Liu, C.-K. Liaw, G. Netuveli and D. Blane (2015). “Association of quality of life with laboratory measurements and lifestyle factors in community dwelling older people in Taiwan.” Aging & Mental Health 19(6): 548-559.
  92. Zaninotto, P., E. Falaschetti and A. Sacker (2009). “Age trajectories of quality of life among older adults: results from the English Longitudinal Study of Ageing.” Quality of Life Research 18(10): 1301-1309.
  93. Zaninotto, P., M. Pierce, E. Breeze, C. de Oliveira and M. Kumari (2010). “BMI and Waist Circumference as Predictors of Well-being in Older Adults: Findings From the English Longitudinal Study of Ageing.” Obesity 18(10): 1981-1987.